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Explain Profit & Loss Account and Balance Sheet ?

ByRohit Sharma

Jun 3, 2020

Profit& loss

Meaning of Profit And Loss Account

Profit & Loss account is perpared to calculate the net profit or loss of the buisness for a given accounting period.If the total of credit side exceed the total of debit sides the difference will represent net profit.In the reverse situation,the difference will represent net loss.

Utility of Profit And Loss Account

Profit & Loss account provides information about the net profit or net loss earned or suffered by the business during a particular accounting period.An analysis of the various expenses included in the profit & loss account and their comparison with the expenses of the previous period helps in talking concrete steps for effective control over the expenses.

Balance Sheet

Meaning of Balance Sheet

The balance sheet may be defined as “A statement which set out the assets and liabilities of a firm as at certain date”.Since even a single transaction will make a difference to some of the assets or laibilities,the balance sheet is true only at a particular point of time.This is the significance of the words”as at”.Accounting refers to “Summarizing in a significant manner”.It means that summarizing must be done in such a way as to create a definite sense.

Utility of Balance Sheet

Balance sheets is prepared with a view to measures the true financial position of a buisness concern at a particular point of time.At one glance,the position of the buisness,at a particular point of time,can be understood.By looking at the balance sheet one can know whethere the firm is solvent or not.If the assets exceed liabilities it is solvent,in the other case,it would be insolvent. Balance sheet is prepared to provide the following information:

a)    Amount of capital invested by owner(test) Known as proprietary fund.

b)    Volume of profit and loss of the firm

c)    Amount of outside liabilty,loan debt etc

d)    Ability of the firm to payoff its immediate and long term liability.

e)    Solvency of the firm.

f)    Nature of assets and their values.

g)    Comparsion between capital and outside liabilities with value of total assets.

If you want to learn about more Profit & Loss, and Balance sheet.I will try my best to give you solution of your problems.If you have any quiry please text me a email.This is my first website please support me. My name is Rohit Sharma and i am student in Btech cs.That why i am trying to improve myself.I have a little bit knownladge of accounting that why, I will give some tips and tricks about accounting and i have a little bit knownladge of HTML also.

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